To: LIRR President c:Nicholas Otte
From: Usman, Reinalynkate, Aunn
Subject: LIRR Price Report – The Metropolitan Transportation Authority
Describe a set of authors’ guidelines for writing technical memos specific to the Mechanical Engineering (ME) program and 2) provide a template/model of the basic formatting features of the standardized ME memo. Methods and Procedures Memo Format. Memos are written in third person using formal English (no slang). Margins are 1 inch on all sides. Re-issuance of the Chief Engineer's memo: EPA Audit Finding - Compliance with Specification 208.09 - Failure to perform erosion control, dated March 28, 2016. This reissued memo is to announce the stormwater management process changes initiated by the findings of an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) audit and follow-up inspection. Example of a Memo Report in the Writing Guidelines for Engineering and Science Students: guidelines to help students of science and engineering make their writing more efficient for others to read and to make the process of writing more efficient for them to perform. Engineering Science April Exam Memo Author: media.ctsnet.org-Petra Himmel-2021-01-24-22-27-11 Subject: Engineering Science April Exam Memo Keywords: engineering,science,april,exam,memo Created Date: 1/24/2021 10:27:11 PM.
Memos are a type of informal report. Memos should be clear and concise documents. The purpose of your memo should be clearly stated. Headings can be used to make your memo clearer.
Date: October 8, 2020
The purpose of this memo is to present our issues regarding the LIRR. The goal of this memo is to introduce a new fare plan regarding the LIRR that would overall allow cheaper fare for its riders.
The fluctuating and unreasonable prices of the LIRR for New York residents have put an unnecessary amount of financial pressure on the rider’s commutes. We would like to hold a meeting with the LIRR president and representatives
The transit system is an essential part of today’s transportation for many people within New York City. An example of these transit systems is the Long Island Rail Road(LIRR) which is being used daily by thousands of New Yorkers every day. The main issue regarding the LIRR is the high pricing for its fares with individuals paying an average of more than $334 per month according to a Newsday article. Some individuals may be able to afford the LIRR, but not all can afford this high pricing. According to the Center for New York City Affair, about forty percent of New Yorkers cannot afford the basic cost of standard living in New York City with south manhattan having a minimum standard cost of living of $85,877. With the added high pricing of the LIRR tickets, this puts financial stress on individuals especially if they are considered as one of the forty percent who cannot afford the standard living in New York City.
Due to the inflated ticket prices of the LIRR the service should be outstanding, but it’s the exact opposite. According to the article, LIRR Commuters Decry Quality Amid Fare Hikes (Fincham, 2018) “From 2007 to 2017, monthly pass ticket fares from Mineola to Penn Station have increased by 31.8 percent while commuters say trains regularly run late, are overcrowded and
are not as clean as they had been in previous years.” Running late and sanitation should not be a worry for individuals paying such a high amount for train services. There are only two ways to get to the city from Long Island, it’s either by car or the LIRR. Many students cannot afford cars plus the hassle of finding legal parking in the city would consume too much time and let’s not start with the traffic. This makes it so the only option is to use the LIRR, even though the prices are jacked up most of the people have no real choice. A Hicksville resident that goes to Stony Brook University also claims (Fincham, 2018) “I’ve lived in Nassau County almost my whole life, but given the opportunity, I would still take the LIRR. There’s really no other option, but convenience definitely matters and needs to be improved.” She’s in a situation where she can only take the LIRR for transport so she’s at least demanding for better service overall.
Doing some math, taking the annual ridership from 2018 and the fair monthly, riders would have made the LIRR almost $30 billion dollars in fares alone. Riders pay $334 monthly to even have access to the LIRR commute. Cutting the fare down from $334 to even $200 would still make the LIRR more than enough money to sustain their employees and facilities accumulating $17 billion with $200 monthly ride fares. By taking the steps of reducing the pricing fare for LIRR commuters, this will allow a cheaper and more accessible fair to all commuters.
A price discount should be implemented that would ensure that individuals are paying less than what they are paying averagely at an outrageous price of $334 monthly.
We would like to have the opportunity to meet with the LIRR president, his representatives, and financial advisor and provide our insight on the best ways we can deal with the pricing of the LIRR fare. We have the best interest of the many individuals who use the LIRR and we wish to provide the best outcome for them. You can contact us with any questions or concerns that you may have regarding our proposal.
1) Sheena Wright and Merble Reagon, “Forty Percent of NYC’s Working Families Don’t Make Enough to Afford Basics, a New Study Shows”, 03/07/2019, http://www.centernyc.org/forty-per cent-of-nycs-working-families-dont.
2)Afonso A. Castillo, Discount programs, federal tax benefits, other deals can help save on LIRR tickets, 10/04/2019, https://www.newsday.com/long-island/transportation/lir r-rider-tips-1 .37092245.
3) Afonso A. Castillo, “NYC-only riders to pay less for riding the LIRR”, 02/26/2020 https://www.newsday.com/long-island/transportation/lirr-fare-discounts -new-york-city-1.422
Cisco packet tracer 6.2 download. 4) Fincham, K. (2018, March 14). LIRR commuters decry quality amid fare hikes. Retrieved October 15, 2020, from https://longislandreport.org/news/lirr-commuters-decry-quality-amid-fare-hikes-2/25947
5) Baruch, College. “Long Island Railroad (LIRR) – Statistics.” NYCdata: Long Island Railroad (LIRR) – Statistics, 2018, www.baruch.cuny.edu/nycdata/travel/lirr-stats.htm.
6) Deloitte & Touche. “MTA Independent Auditors’ Review Report.” MTA Info, 31 Mar. 2020, new.mta.info/document/18496.
Top Supervisor- Aunn
Research Director- Reinalynkate
Submission Manager- Usman
The ChE Technical Memorandum is used primarily for simple experiments in which the methods (apparatus, procedure, and theory) are familiar to your readers. Imagine your primary reader as a busy manager who reads very quickly. This memo highlights the elements distinctive to your team’s experience with a particular lab. It focuses on results, your conclusions, and recommendations. The methods section gives context to your experiment, but it does not contain enough detail for the experiment to be duplicated.
Reminder: Write the bulk of your technical memo in the 3rd person. Also, use the past tense, except to describe equipment or to express facts that are always true. See FAQs for more guidelines on technical writing.
Note: This format is designed to cover different experiments in courses taught by different instructors. Depending on the course, experiment, and instructor, the contents of each section will vary in depth, detail, and emphasis.
The technical memo has seven sections:
The most important section of your technical memo is the summary. A well-prepared summary enables your reader to identify the contents of the memo quickly and accurately. There are two options for the summary. Check with your instructor about which one to use.
Enumerated summary. This summary concisely states the purpose, conclusions, and recommendations in an enumerated list.
Abstract (attached to the memo). The abstract is a condensation of the subject matter. It gives a quantitative summary of your procedure, results, and conclusions. Read more on the abstract.
The introduction answers the questions: What were your goals? Why is this experiment important?
The introduction states your purpose or objectives. It also summarizes your basic approach to the problem, giving an overview of the procedures. If you had a design problem, the introduction restates the problem and its significance. The introduction may also include background on previous work.
Engineering Memo Examples
The methods section answers the questions: What was measured? How was it measured? What was the theoretical basis of the experiment?
This section briefly describes the apparatus and procedures and specifies any modifications. A concise discussion of the theory (1-2 equations) is also included.
Note: this Methods section condenses three parts of the Research Report (the theory, apparatus, and procedures) because your readers do not need to duplicate the experiment. However, your instructor may require that you refer to fuller descriptions of the apparatus, procedures, and theory in the appendix.
The results section answers the questions: What data were collected? How were the data analyzed? What conclusions were drawn from the analysis?
The results section is a discussion that links your data analysis to your conclusions. It develops conclusions with reference to the figures, graphs, and tables of your analysis. Its depth and detail will vary according to your experiment and your instructor’s preferences.
The conclusions and recommendations section answers the questions: What were the tasks? What were the most important conclusions and recommendations developed from each task?
Your results section has already stated your conclusions, but they are buried in the discussion. This final section re-presents them so they are accessible to someone reading quickly.
The appendices of the technical memo must include raw data, sample calculations, a discussion of safety issues, and an error analysis. Some instructors may also require fuller descriptions of the apparatus, fuller descriptions of the procedure, derivatives of theory, an effort report, and other assignments specified by your instructor.
Your text should cite all sources used, including the lab handout. References should be listed at the end of the appendix using APA documentation style. RefWorks (KSU Library) will generate the reference list for you. For example, you may cite a source like this in the text (Aikens, 2012). The reference would look like this:
Aikens, C. (2012, Spring). Liquid-Liquid Extraction. Lab Handout ChE 542, Kansas State University.
The body of the technical memo (from the Introduction through the Conclusion) should be no longer than four single-spaced pages, including figures and tables. The four pages should include approximately two pages of text.
Template for the Technical Memo
Follow the Technical Memo template in preparing your assignment. Instructions are in square brackets [like this]. If you cut-and-paste your writing onto a template, it helps if you (1) save a copy of your work as “text only.” and (2) transfer the “text only” version to the template. That way, you avoid importing new formatting.